Dyslexia is a language-based disorder manifested by symptoms that generally include difficulties with reading, spelling and writing.

Difficulties with listening and concentration may also be present. Most reading disabilities are rooted in dyslexia. According to Dr. G. Reid Lyon, the Chief of Child Development and Behavior at the NICHD: "The key to comprehension starts with the rapid and accurate reading of words. In fact, difficulties in decoding unfamiliar words and learning to recognize words rapidly are at the core of most reading difficulties." Dyslexia does not result from a lack of intelligence. In fact, dyslexics may have average to superior intelligence. Often, there is an unexpected gap between aptitude and achievement in school.

Some Characteristics of Dyslexics

No two dyslexics are alike. Following is a partial list of symptoms that may vary in number and severity. Most dyslexics exhibit 5 or more of the following traits and behaviors, having difficulty:

  • learning the alphabet
  • sequencing letters or numbers
  • rhyming
  • decoding words - single word identification
  • encoding words - spelling
  • organizing ideas for writing
  • with vocabulary retrieval
  • with organizational skills
  • paying attention and focusing